The distortion causes the flat layers to bend and results in a flowing, organic look to the material, especially when the edge bevels of the blade are finish-ground. Thank you! Since then, its use has become widespread and the impact on the Damascus steel world has been tremendous. This is the technique used to create the pattern I call “Persian Ribbon.” Four blocks are stacked in a square with borders of contrasting material between the blocks. Product type. Prior to the use of powdered steel, an EDM (Electrical Discharge Machining) machine could be used to cut a figure from two blocks of contrasting steel, and the male parts were interchanged. How to Make a Basic EDC Knife – From Start to Finish. Several plugs can be welded into one blade if desired. I can usually flatten the whole bar in one heat. A second method for making figures or pictures in steel is to cut plate material and stack the plates. In my opinion, we have only scratched the surface and the possibilities for its use are limitless. This gives the effect of the layers radiating out from the center of the square. Damascus is a unique wavy pattern that you’ll find in steel with a certain aesthetic appeal. Damascus steel historically was a superior steel to anything that was available (spring steel included). Cutting tiles off the bar, dovetailing them, then forge welding them together is one more way to expose patterning and produce blade material. Certain powders move at different rates while being forged, so experience is critical in forging billets with little distortion. The resulting pattern will look like bull’s-eyes or raindrops on a pond. This... 1,859 Likes, 10 Comments - Richard (@american_knives) on Instagram: “Here is some interesting damascus patterns! There are five distinctive patterns from which to choose. Another mosaic-damascus pattern is the radial. For small fixed blades or folders, I use 36 or 64 of the original elements in the bar. More advanced patterns include the “W’s” design, and mosaic damascus. A pattern that is not so spectacular can be brought to life by using distortion to your advantage. To simplify, there are two methods that you can ensure whether Damascus steel is real or not: by checking whether they are Wootz and pattern-welded steel. The plates are stacked in a square tube, and the cut-out figure is filled with contrasting powdered steel, and forge welded. The basket weave or parquet is a relatively simple mosaic-damascus pattern and makes for a good first mosaic project. After all of the cutting is done, the sharp corners are rounded off on a grinder. Patterning of the flat laminated billet can be accomplished in many ways. It was once known as one of the strongest and most durable metals in the ancient world. Whether pressed or ground, the ladders should be staggered from side to side. These four- or nine-way billets may be repeated several times to accomplish the desired effect. All patterns; Flat bar patterns; Round bars patterns; Sheets; Steel alloys; Damacore® DC18N; Knowledge & Inspiration. To achieve 36 elements requires a nine-way and a four-way, while a billet of 64 elements is accomplished with three four-ways. This is another method that does not produce distortion. These billets feel soft during the initial forge welding, but after the billet has been reduced by about one-third, it will begin to feel solid. This is a difficult forge weld and I do not recommend it for the beginner. There are several different methods that can be used to open a bar like an accordion, and I use one suggested to me by Don Fogg. Forge weld the stack and draw the bar out, keeping the bar square by forging evenly on all sides. Twist patterns are similarly self-explanatory. It is also possible to forge weld sections of high- and low-layer bars into one billet and get a high contrast through patterning. The billet is then forged out into a square bar with the figure on the end. Several series of cutting and re-welding as described above will give a nice basket-weave pattern, a design that works well for background filler in complicated mosaic projects. After combining and forge welding the desired number of elements, there are several ways to expose the pattern that is on the end of the bar. . Before moving on to more advanced patterns and techniques, the damascus steel maker should become adept at the forge welding process. The information shared here has been gathered through personal experience and sharing with some of the world’s greatest blade smiths. Steel and Patterns. The most common aspects of Damascus steel knives that enthusiasts consider ideal are the aesthetics and high performance. If you are infected, I welcome you to a wonderful world. When the second weld sequence is complete, the layers remain vertical. This yields two bars with the same figure for half the cost of the EDM work. Ettore Gianferrari Gallery - Page 4, Damascus Patterns #KitchenandCheftKnifeSets. When using powdered steels, you must compact the powder as much as possible before sealing the tube. The accordion method is my favorite way of exposing an end grain or mosaic pattern. After the grooves are pressed into the bar, it is ground flat, removing all the high spots. The bar is then forged to final dimension. The original bar can be turned or forged into a round bar and plugs are then cut off. There is no end to the possibilities for creating patterns with these combinations. Damascus Patterns – Before and After Basketweave. Using Children’s Modeling Clay to Design Mosaic Damascus, 11 Tips For Starting a Knife Shop at Home. The halves are then cut into four pieces, stacked into a square and then forge welded back together. This is referred to as a “four-way.” The bar can also be cut into nine pieces and stacked into three rows of three pieces, or a “nine-way.”. The radial technique applied to a “W’s” pattern bar accomplishes a spectacular design. Disclosure: These links are affiliate links. To begin, forge weld a low, 5-to-9-layered billet and draw it out into a 1-inch square bar. How Much Money Do You Need to Start Making Knives? One of the most pressing concerns that knife-lovers face is whether Damascus steel is real or fake. We’ve seen makers use Vegas... Diamondback. I have cut out wooden figures of birds, fish, shamrocks and many other figures to form the nickel around. Steel patterns. The loaf method is accomplished by forge welding several blocks together side by side and then slicing blades off of the loaf. These swords are characterized by distinctive patterns of banding and mottling reminiscent of flowing water, sometimes in a "ladder" or "rose" pattern. As with all of the patterning techniques, you can try them with any billet that you like. Under modern processes, it is still beneficial for creating a variety of blades, including kitchen and chef knives, folding pocket knives, hunting knives, and swords … Pattern-welded steel is made by layering iron and steel and forging the metals together by hammering them at high temperature to form a welded bond. Diamondback is a striking pattern that shows up differently depending on the … The bar is forged to the desired blade shape and the ladder pattern becomes visible. Cut four squares of the steel and stack them into a square billet. With the “W’s” pattern, the initial billet is stacked just like a flat-layered billet, and welded. It is started with squares of solid steel, such as 1050 or 1095. How to Make the “W’s” Pattern. The twisting can be gradual or tight for varied effects. A hole is drilled into a blade and the plug is fit into the hole. Each one has contributed tremendously to my success as a blade smith, and without them I am sure I would not be writing this article. Hi Folks, I am privileged to be able to do the work I do, and the opportunity to share and display stunning works is a service and responsibility that... Hi friends, As I've always done, it's time to share the experiences, perceptions, and craftsmanship which spent time in my four-day studio. The tiles are usually tack welded to a sacrificial plate, which is ground off after the forge weld. Random pattern needs little explanation. The cut-out-triangles accordion method has worked so well for me that I do not use other accordion methods. I have seen a lot of posts here and all over the internet that use the two terms interchangeably. I can never fully express my appreciation to Fogg, Schwarzer, Thomas, Schempp, Daryl Meier, Hank Knickmeyer, Al Dippold, Rob Hudson, and the three other original members of the “Montana Mafia,” Shane Taylor, Barry Gallagher and Wade Colter. Hand made Damascus steel Feather pattern billet 12/2 for knives making knife Maker knives supplies 1095 steel DamascusCreationsArt. Then, during the drawing process, the billet is rotated 90 degrees and forged into a rectangular bar with vertical layers. If the bar tears at the bottom of the cuts, apply flux and gently weld them closed. Such blades were reputed to be tough, resistant to shattering, and capable of being honed to a sharp, resilient edge. Story of Damasteel® Contact; Shop; Search. These numbers are only recommendations, as personal preference will dictate how each blade smith uses the material. It is helpful to surround the blocks with sacrificial material like damascus or plain carbon steel. Ladder patterns are accomplished by pressing or grinding grooves across a damascus bar. I like the appearance of movement and flow that is created by the accordion technique. Damascus steel was the forged steel of the blades of swords smithed in the Near East from ingots of Wootz steel either imported from Southern India or made in production centres in Merv or Khorasan. Whether you’re building Damascus gun parts or designing a Mokume Gane ring, you’ll find exactly the right Damascus for your project. The seams can be welded shut and the billet dry welded. More advanced patterns include the “W’s” design, and mosaic damascus. It combines corrosion resistance with superior edge sharpness and toughness. Traditional Damascus steel is identifiable by its various swirling patterns on the flat of the blade. Powdered steel has not been used in damascus steel for long. Twisted blades should be left a little thicker than other patterns as grinding deeper makes the star effect greater and the overall look is more pleasing. Start with something simple and pay attention to how things move inside the billet and it will not be long until the results will be predictable. For large fixed-blade knives, I like at least 16 of the original elements, and two four-ways will accomplish that number. The patterns in mosaic damascus are visible on the ends of the bars, yet what truly comprises mosaic damascus has never been clearly defined. Story of Damascus steel; Story of Damacore® DC18N; Story of RWL34™ DCI Thanksgiving auction; About us. At the BLADE Show in 1999, I questioned some of the best damascus makers on hand as to their opinion on this topic and each one had a different definition for mosaic damascus. In specialized damascus patterns, such as radials or jellyrolls, far fewer layers are needed. The distortion continues as the bar is forged on the bias until it is square again. A bar of the desired number of layers is forged into a square and the corners are forged down slightly. Having the blocks fit together nicely will simplify the weld. #knifecommunity…”, Post your pictures of knives made with Damascus by the little Master... http://www.andrevanheerden.com/images/Avail/All3-Mam-Mosaic-2-S.jpg, Ever wondered how the blade got that patern in it? Special shapes may also be forged and placed in these billets, using whatever it takes to get the desired effect. True Damascus steel has patterns that run through each layer of the metal. Out of respect to the above-mentioned blade smiths, I ask you to take this information and build upon it. If the damascus bug has not bitten you at this stage, you must be immune. The nickel form is placed in a square tube and powdered steel is used to fill the tube. The original process of making Damascus steel was lost but seemingly has been found again. The radial design is started with a low-layered billet of flat laminates. Knives and other modern objects made from pattern-welded Damascus steel bear the watery pattern all the way through the metal and possess many of the same characteristics of the original Damascus metal. This method was very expensive, and although intricate details could be cut, distortion was still a problem with uneven forging. Since there seems to be no clear definition we will refer to all end-grain patterns as mosaics. Any layer count works well on this pattern, and any of the patterning techniques, including twists, ladders, raindrops and even accordions, help to further expose the pattern. The damascus bar is forged to final dimensions and annealed. The bar is then opened up using the accordion method and the Persian Ribbon pattern is created by the “X.”. The bar is then ready to flatten. There are times when distortion can be used to enhance a pattern or even create a new pattern. A bar can be cut into four pieces, stacked into a square billet of two rows of two pieces, and forge welded. Knife (Damascus Patterned) – Barmond (Special Steels) Limited Damasteel® DS93X™ Martensitic Damascus Patterned Steel This steel consists of two different hardenable steel grades in more than one hundred layers. Do it yourself also known as DIY is the method of building modifying or repairing something without the aid of experts or professionals. Cut this bar into four pieces and stack them into a 2-inch-by-2-inch square, with the horizontal layers in two opposing corners, and the vertical layers in the other corners.

damascus steel patterns

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